There are different types of fat in the body that are have specific functions, such as thermal insulation and energy reserve; However, excessive accumulation of fat, such as abdominal fat, can lead to various chronic degenerative diseases .
In an interview with GetQoralHealth, the nutritionist Carmen Haro, of the Kellogg's National Institute of Health and Nutrition (INSK) , explains the different types of abdominal fat and how to determine whether or not you have excessive accumulation in the following video:
According to the specialist, both types of fats increase the risks of developing heart disease, diabetes, blood pressure, various forms of cancer and other degenerative diseases, the visceral being the most affected when it accumulates too much for causes such as bad eating habits, sedentary lifestyle, stress or some other hormonal or genetic condition.
According to him National Cancer Institute of the United States , visceral fat is directly related to the inflammation of the whole body, as well as with an increased risk of suffering different types of Cancer , such as mom (after menopause), of endometrium (the lining of the uterus), colon, kidney and of esophagus .
This type of fat contains more macrophages, a class of immune cells that produce cytokines, a protein that mimics a hormone involved in Chronic inflamation .
Cytokines can also increase the risk of Cancer in many other ways, they can increase oxidative stress and propel the creation of free radicals (damaging our DNA and therefore danger of developing Cancer ) and can also unbalance the function of insulin and metabolism.
The accumulation of abdominal fat is linked to chronic degenerative diseases in our country, which are among the leading causes of death. According to the National Survey of Health and Nutrition 2012 (Ensanut) , 70% of adults and 35% of adolescents and children suffer overweight and obesity .
According to the survey, the leading cause of death for both women and men is the Mellitus diabetes ; likewise, this disease is the biggest cause of blindness when it has not been adequately treated.
One more example of the consequences of excessive abdominal fat, is that the heart disease , particularly ischemic, have become the second cause of death; In addition, around 40% of the adult population suffers hypertension .
Therefore, to try to maintain the healthy levels of these types of fat, it is recommended to take a balanced and healthy diet, avoid the consumption of saturated fats, simple sugars, salt and excessive calories; Drink about two liters of water daily and get enough rest.