Stress is the physical and emotional tension that occurs in response to external or internal pressure. It is practically impossible to live without small doses because they are stimulating and motivate achievement, but the consequences of stress can be fatal.
However, when it is excessive or not properly controlled, the consequences of stress can be some of the main causes of death: heart disease , Cancer , diseases of the respiratory system, accidents, liver cirrhosis and suicide.
According to specialists, the consequences of stress may be visible in an electrocardiogram: ST segment elevations, T wave inversions in the precordial leads or both.
The clinical complications shown have been ventricular arrhythmias (9%), severe bradycardia (10%), some degree heart failure (22%), dynamic subaortic stenosis, cardiogenic shock (15%) and a case of stroke has even been described. embolic origin.
According to a study published in the British medical journal The Lancet, shows that work-related stress increases by 23% the risk of suffering myocardial infarction , so it is the factor responsible for a relevant proportion of coronary diseases among the active working population.
Some other consequences of stress are involved with mental disorders such as schizophrenia, anxiety or depression . According to information from the Federal District Government, in 2009 alone there were more than 300 suicides of young people related to stress and its impact on mental health.
Several international studies have determined that stress is a risk factor, along with the obesity , to develop different chronic degenerative diseases , such as hypertension and diabetes.
Stress is not exclusive to young people or adults, much less to one gender, which is why it currently affects a significant percentage of the world's population, according to the World Health Organization.
Therefore, an important call is made to have a healthy lifestyle that implies adequate rest and relaxation, important ways to prevent these consequences of stress.