At breast cancer It involves aspects of the disease and emotional issues, which affects not only the sufferer, but the whole family.
Risk factor's. Age, family history of breast cancer in mothers, daughters or sisters, prolonged exposure to estrogen, early menarche, late menopause, breast density, bearer of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, carbohydrate-rich and low-fiber diet, obesity, sedentary lifestyle and smoking.
In order to increase the knowledge we have about this disease, the Institute of Biomedical Research (IIB) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) launched a year ago the "Breast Cancer Research Program " whose mission is to look for new markers to diagnose it earlier, as well as new treatment alternatives.
Alfonso León Del Río , program coordinator and head of Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology of the IIB , explained that to carry out this mission they were linked with general practitioners, oncologists and pathologists in order to give feedback to clinical research and vice versa.
The researcher commented that some of the laboratories that belong to this program work in the search of biological markers, which are proteins whose abundance increases or decreases in response to the formation of a tumor and that have the purpose of diagnosing it before it is detectable by methods such as self-exploration.
In addition, the development of these markers would identify patients who will not respond well to the most used treatments. As a result, the doctor would have a tool that would allow selecting the most appropriate treatment for this group of women increasing the chances of cure or survival.
A timely detection would allow women who suffer from it greater opportunities for survival. Unfortunately in our country 80% of these neoplasms are diagnosed in late stages, which limits the options of medical treatment and decreases the survival time.