The periodontal diseases they can vary from a simple inflammation of the gums , until a serious illness that can damage the soft tissues and the bones who hold the teeth . In the most serious cases, teeth they fall.
If the disease of gums it stops progressing, it progresses slowly or it gets worse, it will depend a lot on how the teeth and thegums daily, since the diagnosis is received.
Approximately 40% of people suffer from inflammation Y bleeding of the gums before the bite or the same brushed . These conditions are the main cause of dental loss in the elderly, for example. However, all these evils are predictable and treatable.
There are people who think that the problem manifests itself when there pain , but that is the acute part of the problem. When we we brush can leave blood and we let it pass as normal, but this may be the main cause of having some disease.
Here we present the pathologies most prevalent in people with respect to gums .
The tartar It is a sticky substance that is deposited on teeth Y gums . It is formed on the basis of minerals and remains of foods that are hardened bygerms . The gums they become infected and cause irritation Y redness . The tartar makes the teeth become sensitive
This disease is caused by no brush constantly and this causes that everything that is offensive to the teeth . The tartar may increase due to smoking .
The gingivitis , on the other hand, is the reversible formation of gums , directly related to the bad oral hygiene , the accumulation of food, germs Y tartar .
The main symptoms are that the gums bleed when eating hard foods or when you brush your teeth . They appear intense red in the gums and produce bad breath . By gingivitis It can produce large quantity of cavities .
Finally, there is the periodontitis , which is a progressive disease of gums that although it occurs more in the people of the third age, it is due to the lack of prevention and dental controls early
The periodontitis make that the inflammation extend to the bone and that the tooth takes off from the gum . If there is no treatment, there may be a pyorrhea , which is the premature loss of the dental piece .
The symptoms or signs are similar to the gingivitis , but also, it has mobility of tooth and sensitivity to food.
The main objective of treatment is to control the infection . The number and types of treatments may vary depending on how far the disease has spread.
Any type of treatment requires that the patient continue with a good daily care of the teeth in his house. Remember that you must go with your dentist at least twice a year.