Impact of overweight and obesity in women

The situation is worrisome: in 20 states of the country, 10 of them located in the northern region, the obesity prevalence exceeds the national average, which is 32.4%. The bad news is for the female population: in those states, women have accumulated more weight than men, children and adolescents. According to studies by the National Council for the Evaluation of Social Development Policy (CONEVAL), this phenomenon is due to the fact that the lifestyle of Mexican women is increasingly sedentary and that these are increasingly overwhelmed with double or triple working days and eat for anxiety and depression . In other countries, such as the United States, the highest prevalence of obesity is among men.

Based on nutrition surveys, the Ministry of Health documents that in 11 years, from 1988 to 1999, obesity in women from 20 to 40 years increased from 9.5 to 24.9% and overweight went from 25 to 36.1%. In 2006, overweight registered in this sector of the population was 36.9% and obesity, of 32.4%. This means that obesity increased and the prevalence of overweight stabilized.

Metabolic sequences of overweight and obesity
"Obesity, says the doctor Arieh Goldberg It is not a social and cosmetic problem, but a disease that in turn is a high risk factor for other diseases. " For the specialist in eating disorders, the metabolic sequelae of overweight and obesity are due to the high levels of fat (lipids) circulating in the blood and can be divided into:

  • Hypercholesterolemia: an abnormality of fats (lipids) that occurs when blood cholesterol levels are above 200 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dl.)
  • Hypertriglyceridemia: another abnormality of fats (lipids) that occurs when triglyceride levels in the blood are above 150 mg / dl.
  • Hyperlipidemia mixed: The most common disorder in obesity in which you can find high levels of several of the above lipids, while others that can be found in normal limits.

The lipoproteins explains the doctor Goldberg, are part of the fats (lipids) that are combined with proteins and are generally divided into lipoproteins high density (HDL) and low density (LDL) which are the most important for the prognosis of atherosclerosis of the coronary arteries. There are also intermediate lipoproteins (IDL) and very low density lipoproteins (VLDL).

Video Medicine: Obesity Health Risks (February 2023).