The Body Dysmorphic Disorder (TDC) or delirium of dismorphobia , occupies 10 to 15% of the primary dermatological consultations.
In an interview for GetQoralHealth , the doctor David Eduardo Poletti , member of the Mexican Foundation for Dermatology (FMD), says that the TDC is a mental disorder that generates distortion of the image of the body, of which the individual is totally convinced: "It is a very serious form of anxiety which is considered difficult to treat. "
According to Poletti, in the dismorphobia the belief develops that there is something that seems ugly or terribly grotesque in the patient's body. This idea can focus on one or more parts of the body at the same time. It represents an excessive concern for the loss of attractiveness and repulsion towards what he considers his deformity.
Those who suffer can reach extreme limits, such as multiple aesthetic surgeries. It usually occurs in young people (between 14 to 40 years old) and affects both men and women equally.
For Poletti, this emotional disorder is a chronic condition and can go unnoticed for many years, because the individuals who suffer from it try not to reveal their symptoms, such as obsession, anxiety and excessive criticism one or several parts of their body. In addition, they tend to be perfectionists, timid and very sensitive to rejection.
This disorder prevents the patient from concentrating on any topic other than the "defect", so it becomes incapacitating and causes the weakening of the image itself, which directly undermines self-esteem. This series of events condition crisis of anxiety , which can even lead to the idea of wanting to die or suicide attempts.
People with BDD will seek to solve their "problem" through medical and surgical treatment, which is generally unsatisfactory, so it is important to recognize and give treatment for BDD before subjecting a patient to any procedure, such as cosmetic surgery.
According to the FMD skin health expert, "the patient dysmorphobic It presents an evident Achilles heel, where it becomes easy prey for pseudo professionals who can only in theory, satisfy their "abnormal esthetic expectations".
The Body Dysmorphic Disorder it is a condition that requires more research studies, as well as a greater diffusion so that it is not underdiagnosed to the people who present it, and thus avoid providing inadequate treatments that do not correct the problem from its origin.