One of the main causes for the abandonment to happen is that the elderly person no longer possesses a Laboral life useful and start generating expenses in the family. Situation that causes tension and transforms the treatment of their daughters and sons, friends and close relatives.
When suffering a fracture with the closest people, the elderly will tend to fall back or move to a corner of the house. Further reducing your social core and interaction with others, causing depressive pictures and isolation.
Another frequent case occurs when the family seizes the material assets of the elderly person, taking advantage of their fragility, lack of memory or dependency. Abandonment makes sense when the original owner is ignored, or he is physically or verbally assaulted, and on occasion he is displaced from the family, taking him to asylums or shelters against his will.
As a result, families lose a key member to continue learning and wisdom from experience. Socially this behavior denotes a loss of identity and encourages the extinction of cultural transmission, from generation to generation, beneficial to the family nucleus and its identity.
Figures from the National System for the Integral Development of the Family, affirm that 60 out of 100 elderly people who enter their gerontological centers, present rejection or total abandonment of their children, also lack economic resources, so the institution It calls for strengthening the successful and healthy aging culture.
The SNDIF together with the state and municipal DIFs have a network of 191 homes, 221 day stays, 18 cultural centers, 11 shelters, seven recreational camps and four thousand 559 special care groups for the benefit of the elderly.
In this infrastructure that is managed by the three levels of government, an annual average of 260 thousand elderly people are taken care of, who receive lodging, clothing, food, medical and psychological service, legal assistance, rehabilitation therapies, self-esteem sessions, cultural activities , recreational, sports and even spiritual assistance.
The national gerontological program, applied by the institution, aims to regulate, coordinate, promote and implement actions that achieve a better level and quality of life for older adults, strengthen their abilities and those of their families and guarantee their human rights.
Mexico has a population of 8.5 million people over 60 years of age and, according to population growth projections, by the year 2020 this sector will increase to 15.6 million and in the year 2050, the population of older adults will reach figure of 41 million people over 60 years of age
To enter the National Center for Care, Research and Gerontology Training of SNDIF, the following is required:
- That the elderly lack family, housing, economic resources, family refusal or abandonment. - In case of having economic resources, as well as with family, the older adult must agree and express their request to enter the social work area, where a socioeconomic study will be carried out, in order to request a fee of recovery.
Care and recreation in the DIF
The National DIF, in its different spheres of government, has developed innovative programs such as the Gerontoinformatics Centers, the University of the Third Age, Farms for the Elderly, Welfare Eaters, Intergenerational Support Networks, Community Gerontological Centers, Day Stays, Specialty in Geriatrics and Gerontological Mobile Units, among others.