When a person has some physical disability, for certain circumstances, they often resort to the use of prostheses. The purpose of these, is to replace a part of the body that has been lost by an amputation or by a genetic malformation.
Prostheses are usually used for aesthetic purposes such as glass eyepieces or to supply the body with functions that are naturally lacking, such as breast prostheses used in sex reassignment surgery or trangeneristas. The prosthesis serves to cover some part of the body, in order to achieve an aesthetic balance. This is beneficial for the patient, because he manages to integrate back into his social, family and work environment.
Generally the prostheses are made with elastomers. This material, unlike other plastics, are based on silicon chains instead of carbon chains, which means that silanes do not dissolve in conventional organic solvents such as acetones, alcohols, gasoline, fats, etc ...
The prosthesis, as it does not contain carbon in its structure, is very resistant to high temperatures; They are materials with good elastic properties and good resistance to rupture.
There are different types of prostheses; everything depends on the area of the body that is required. The most frequent are:
1.- Orthopedic or limb prostheses.
2.- Hearing aids or hearing aids.
3.- Eye prostheses.
4.- Facial prostheses.
5.- Maxillofacial prostheses.
6.- Genital prostheses.
7.- Dental prosthesis.
The prostheses are very resistant, but to increase their useful life you must take into account the following recommendations:
1.- Avoid contact with any sharp-cutting tool; the material they are made from are very similar to the skin and what can cut the skin, it will also be with the prosthesis, especially the aesthetics.
2.- The prosthesis should not be exposed to high temperatures.
3.- Surgeons recommend taking care of the prosthesis as it would be done with any part of the body, to ensure that it lasts for many years.
Undoubtedly, the utility of the prosthesis is very broad; It allows people to have mobility in some area of their body or face, but above all, it helps their self-esteem increases and they re-enter their social environment and have, consequently, a better lifestyle.