Eight out of every 10 Mexicans do not know that they have high levels of cholesterol in the blood, so they are more likely to register obstruction of blood vessels and arteries, and therefore, to be victims of a heart attack.
According to the Mexican Heart Foundation , the cholesterol It is a component that the body needs to function properly, but when it exceeds the allowed levels, it accumulates in the internal walls of the blood vessels, which is harmful to health.
There are many factors that raise the cholesterol in the blood as excessive intake of saturated fats and sedentary lifestyle. For this reason, changes in habits can reduce levels, but what happens when diet and exercise do not work?
The Texas Heart Institute He details that there are medications that lower cholesterol effectively.
They are also called inhibitors of HMG-CoA reductase, which is an enzyme that helps the body make cholesterol.
Statins block this enzyme to slow the production of bad cholesterol (LDL), as well as reduce triglycerides and promote the production of good cholesterol (HDL)
Bile acid sequestrants
These medications prevent bile from being used in digestion, so that the liver increases its production of bile and reduces cholesterol.
That is, the more bile produced in the liver, the more cholesterol you need to effectively perform its functions, so it will not affect your blood.
It belongs to the group of vitamins B that helps slow the production of chemicals that help produce cholesterol in the liver.
Fibric acid derivatives
They break down the triglyceride particles, which favors the production of good cholesterol (HDL).
Inhibitors of cholesterol absorption
They are usually administered together with the statins to reduce the amount of cholesterol that is absorbed from the food.
All these medications have to be prescribed by a specialist to follow the treatment and avoid risks to your health, as they have side effects such as diarrhea, vomiting, blurred vision, headache, among others.
If you want to maintain good cardiovascular health, it is best to avoid the intake of processed foods that are rich in saturated fats and fast absorbing carbohydrates.