It is a phenomenon concerning the school violence r, specifically the daily abuse and intimidation among children and adolescents. The behavior presented during this phenomenon is aggressive and with the intention of attacking another to cause harm; it is persistent and repetitive; It can last for weeks, months or even years.
Bullying highlights an abuse of power and a desire to intimidate I to dominate the other. It occurs between equals, with a range of age difference no greater than 3 years, and usually happens between several people, leaving the victim defenseless.
The aggressor intimidates the victim without any provocation, assaults him causing physical and / or emotional damage, which manifests itself in low self-esteem, anxiety and even depression, making it difficult to integrate with the school environment and the normal development of learning. At the same time, the aggressor learns that through violence he can achieve his goals, making impulsive and un-assertive decisions.
In the same way this affects the other comrades who are witnesses, since they come to see this phenomenon as "natural" and desensitizes them to violence. (Source: Secretariat of Education of the Federal District)
Physical Bullying: is the most common form of bullyng. Includes all corporal action (hitting, pushing, kicking, confinement, damage to belongings, etc.). In recent years this situation has come to be mixed with various forms of sexual abuse. It is identified because it usually leaves body traces. According to the development, this behavior becomes more aggressive and violent with specific damage in males.
Verbal bullying: includes non-corporal actions (nicknames, insults, threats, generate rumors, express racial or sexist statements in order to discriminate, spread gossip, perform exclusion actions, insulting and repeated jokes, etc.). It has greater use in women as they approach adolescence.
Psychological bullying: are forms of aggression, threat or exclusion that are carried out behind the back of anyone who can warn of the situation; the aggressor may remain anonymous (a look, an obscene sign, an unpleasant face, a gesture, etc.).
Cyberbullying: practiced through emails, blogs, personal pages, chats, cell phones, calls and text messages.
These means give the aggressor the opportunity to remain anonymous and perform actions such as threats, defamation, profanity and different forms of aggressive and violent communication.
(Source: Secretariat of Education of the Federal District)