The artificial or synthetic fibers are made from the modification of natural products, through an industrial process called polymerization , process that can detonate allergic reactions in certain people, such as dermatitis.
Allergic contact dermatitis is caused by exposure to a substance or material that becomes very sensitive or allergic , as is the case of fabrics and clothing, which can cause various reactions on the skin, depending on the person.
The use of this type of fibers represents more than 50% of the total textile fibers ; however, they are used to a large extent to manufacture clothes that are "fashionable". But few know the origin of these fabrics, and especially the damage they can cause.
According to the National Institutes of Health, the United States, one of the causes of health problems that fsynthetic ibra causes, is due to its limited capacity to allow body perspiration , because the compactness of the material prevents moisture absorption.
As a consequence, artificial fibers They cause different skin problems. Usually, these fabrics cause allergies and other types of reactions. For example, the gurnard (or artificial wool) is the cause of dermatitis and other skin allergies .
Among the fibers that usually originate some type of allergic reaction , are: nylon, rayon, perlon, polyester and viscose.
The artificial fibers they are obtained from chemical substances that are produced from materials such as oil, wood and coal. This is how nylon, polyester and acrylic are made with byproducts of petroleum and coal, while viscose and acetate arise from wood cellulose.
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