The benefits of red fruits extend beyond the prevention of cardiovascular diseases or premature aging, given that their high content of antioxidants are favorable to prevent and control Mellitus diabetes , according to several studies.
One of the keys to control the Mellitus diabetes is the type of diet that is required, as well as the concern of the type of food that can increase the levels of glucose . In this sense, the consumption of certain fruits is one of the most frequent doubts for a patient with diabetes.
However, a recent study by researchers from Diabetes UK , published in British Medical Journal, shows that consumption of whole fruit can help prevent up to 25% the risk of developing diabetes mellitus, particularly certain fruits such as blueberries, as well as the rest of red fruits.
1. Blackberries According to researchers of theUniversity of Illinois , the consumption of blackberries, and particularly of wine made with them, can favor the inhibition of the alpha-amylase and alpha-glucosidase enzymes, thanks to their bioactive components, which allows to balance the levels of glucose in blood.
2. Blueberries . According to the Diabetes Uk study, eating blueberries reduces the risk of developing Mellitus diabetes by 26%, compared to 2% for three servings of any whole fruit, due to its content in anthocyanins and polyphenols, which improve the uptake of glucose .
3. Strawberries. An investigation of the Warwick University in the United Kingdom , points out that these fruits prevent the risk of suffering diabete s and heart diseases, because their extracts activate a body protein called Nrf2, which increases the antioxidant action and other protective activities against these diseases.
4. Grapes The flavonoids (polyphenols, leucocyanidins, pycnogenols and picnogenols) that contain the seeds of the grape, help to protect the pancreatic tissue from the inflammation that generates the type 2 diabetes , in addition to helping to control the levels of glucose and insulin , according to a study by the University of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia .
5. Plums According to a study of the University of Texas , anthocyanins, catechins and chlorogenic acids, present in plums, help reduce the inflammatory effects of type 2 diabetes . In addition, its phenolic compounds act at the level of fat cells, also known as adipocytes, those of the endothelium of blood vessels and of the macrophages of the immune system.
In this way, the phytochemicals and flavonoids (antioxidants) of these and other red fruits help both reduce the risk of developing diabetes mellitus, as well as protect from the effects generated by inflammation in this condition and in other diseases, such as cardiovascular or Cancer.