According to data from the Health Secretary , in Mexico have increased the sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) , particularly the Genital herpes , the syphilis and the human papilloma virus (HPV) . What are the reasons for this increase? Some may be the lack of prevention programs, the little or bad use of preservative to avoid contagion among young people, or ignorance about issues of sex education in adolescents.
However, what worries the most is that the sexually transmitted infections They keep growing. According to World Health Organization (WHO) , currently, in the world there are at least 340 million new cases of infections transmitted by intimate routes curable per year, such as syphilis , gonorrhea , chlamydia Y trichomoniasis , among people from 15 to 49 years. These are the 5 most lethal, both in men and women.
1. Gonorrhea: is a disease caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae , a bacteria that grows and multiplies easily in moist and warm areas of the reproductive system , including the cervix, matrix and the Fallopian tube in women, and in the urethra in both sexes. This bacterium can also grow in the mouth, throat and eyes
2. Syphilis: is a infection curable if diagnosed early and treated with medications prescribed by a specialist. The syphilis without treatment causes serious health complications, for example, damage to the skin , to bones and cardiovascular problems. Since syphilitic ulcers may be hidden in the vagina , the rectum or the mouth, it may be that a person does not know that their partner has syphilis .
In the next video the Dr. David Barrios explains how to prevent the spread of syphilis :
3. Genital herpes: according to WHO , each year 20 million people, are infected by this virus. Many times, the Genital herpes has no symptoms Some people carry the virus in the body but it does not manifest until they become infected again.
Among other symptoms are the itching or burning, the sensation of pain if the urine passes over the sores, or swollen and tender lymph nodes in the groin, throat and under the arms. The symptoms disappear within the next 3 weeks or less if treated with medication. Touching the sores can spread the herpes to other parts of the body or to your partner.
Four.Chlamydia: is infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis , which affects the organs genitals of the woman. Although the infection by chlamydia has no symptoms, there are serious complications that can occur "silently" and cause irreversible damage, such as infertility .
5. Human Papillomavirus (HPV) : for those people who choose to be sexually active, a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship with a partner uninfected is the strategy with the best chance of avoiding infection genital HPV, according to specialists. However, it is difficult to determine if the partner who has been sexually active in the past is currently infected with the virus .
In an interview for GetQoralHealth , the gynecologist, Leopoldo Vázquez Estrada, explains the characteristics of the human papillomavirus:
The virus It can be latent in the body for a long time and spend up to 10 years for it to move from one clinical stage to another, that is, it manifests, hence the importance of detecting it in time.