World Multiple Sclerosis Day

Today we remember the World Day of Multiple Sclerosis , a condition that affects more than 2 million people in the world and 16,000 Mexicans.

Multiple sclerosis is a disease of the Central Nervous System (CNS), injures the protective sheath of nerve fibers (myelin), negatively influencing motor functions, sensitivity, balance, speech, vision and sphincter control.

It usually appears between 15 and 50 years, affects more frequency to the female sex than the masculine. It is not hereditary, although its prevalence increases in relatives of people with MS (10 to 40 times more).

In an interview for GetQoralHealth , the doctor Laura Montiel , explains how to understand the disease as a family:

The causes of MS have not been fully established, although it is very likely that they are of autoimmune origin. This means that, for reasons not yet completely known, the immune system mistakenly attacks myelin, causing the appearance of demyelination Y, later , scars (plaques) in different points of the CNS.

Demyelination can affect diverse areas and the different location of the lesions is the cause of the variability and multiplicity of symptoms (motor, sensory, coordination, language, bladder, behavioral, intestinal disorders, etc.).

In some cases, the symptom they are clinically obvious but in others they are more blurred and more subjective (fatigue, cognitive alterations) to the point that, at least initially, they are undervalued by the doctor and family members. This can generate delays in the diagnosis and frustration in the patient who remains misunderstood for a long time.

Currently considered between 15 thousand and 16 thousand Mexicans affected by the multiple sclerosis (since to date the health sector in its different institutions does not provide an accurate and reliable data) although the most frequent cases occur in the geographical areas located between 40 and 60 degrees of latitude of both hemispheres .

Currently, multiple sclerosis has no cure, but there are several medicines They can slow down your progression and relieve symptoms.

The attacks are usually treated with intravenous cortisone, which in a short period of time eliminates inflammation. Doses depend on the severity of the attack and the constitution of the patient.

Through the existing medications, the following effects can be achieved that delay the appearance of physical decreases:

  • Decrease in the frequency of attacks
  • The attacks are more benign
  • Protection of axonal and neuronal damage

The progress of the disease without adequate and innovative medicines is accelerated, leaving irreparable sequels, thus increasing the number of disabled people on a large scale. For more information, visit:

Video Medicine: What is Multiple Sclerosis? - World MS Day (March 2024).