Of an adequate diet in each stage of life , depends on the health and well-being of each person. The doctor Pilar Riobó , nutritionist of the Jiménez Díaz Foundation of Madrid (Spain), an institution with 70 years of experience in research and teaching on health issues, ensures that "By choosing what we eat, we choose our health" .
The case of the elderly is very special because it is necessary to address the circumstances of their age and the state of their health to offer them a balanced, nutritious and adequate diet. For this, it must be taken into account that as a result of aging, the taste and the smell of the elderly begins to decline, which makes them lose interest in food. To this must be added the poor condition of the teeth and the dryness of the mouth, which prevent proper chewing and, therefore, hinder the intake of food. Older adults often do not notice the thirst sensation , which can favor dehydration and this in very hot season becomes extremely dangerous. On the other hand, the digestive functions also decrease, giving rise to certain type of intolerances , usually to lactose.
In these cases, it is advisable to replace milk with yogurt.
The ideal, the experts point out, is that the elderly make six meals a day, not very copious, of varied foods, appetizing and soft, but without abusing the crushed. The protein contribution is obtained through the meat , the fish, the egg white and the dairy products. Ultimately, you can turn to nutritional supplements for the elderly.