Turner syndrome affects only women

The Turner syndrome is a genetic disease that is produced by the absence or abnormality of chromosome "X"; It is estimated that in Mexico one in two thousand five hundred births presents this anomaly. This condition affects only the female sex.

What are the causes?

Humans have 46 chromosomes containing the DNA fundamental of the body. Two of these are the sex chromosomes that determine if a person will be male or female. In the case of women, two sex chromosomes same (XX).

The Turner syndrome originates when the patient presents the total or partial absence of chromosome "X" However, it is common for the patient to have only one chromosome "X"

Know the symptoms

  • Low size
  • Absence or delay of the puberty
  • Infertility
  • Cardiac and renal malformations
  • Thorax flat and wide
  • Absence of menstruation

Which is the treatment?

When the diagnosis is positive, a hormone of growth that helps girls increase their size. When girls are between 12 and 13 years of age, replacement therapy is started. estrogen It stimulates the growth of the breasts, pubic hair and other sexual characteristics.

It is essential to identify this alteration opportunely, because if it is not treated in time complications such as Mellitus diabetes , hypertension , obesity and other diseases that reduce the quality of life of patients.

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Video Medicine: What is Turner Syndrome? Animated Explanation Video (September 2021).