Tips for treating burns at home

The Burns are one of the most common types of injuries occurred at home. It can vary from mild to severe burns, which could become fatal . Therefore, it is important to inform you about how to treat different types of burns .

Types of burns

When speaking of types of burn, it basically refers to the classification of a burn as mild or severe. There are three types: first grade , second grade Y third degree.

The process of identifying the type of burn refers to the extent of damage to body tissues .

The First degree burns are the least serious, since they affect only the outer layer of the skin, which appears flushed and swollen . When the burned area is touched, there is a substantial amount of pain, however, bearable.

The second burns grade affect the layers first Y second of the skin. The area that burns appears to be bright red and may have blisters. There is also severe and intense swelling with pain.

Third degree burns , this is the most serious case of burns and they affect all the layers of the skin and the result is the hurt permanent of the tissue. In some cases, even the bones . On the surface, the skin appears black or white, dry or charred.


Treatment of minor burns


  1. Cooling . Allow the water to flow directly over the burned surface for at least five minutes. This can be done until the pain is relieved a little. This will help reduce the swelling caused by the burn on your skin. Avoid putting ice directly on burned skin.
  2. The use of a cotton gauze bandage , loosely wrap the cloth around the burnt skin. The idea of ​​using this method is to keep the air out of the burned area, while also helping to reduce the amount of inflammation or pain.
  3. In some cases, the pain is intolerable and you must administer medication as your only resource. The analgesics recommended for minor burns include ibuprofen, aspirin, naproxen, paracetamol, etc.

The treatment of severe burns

In case of third degree burns, seek medical help immediately. Waiting for the medical staff to arrive:


  • Remove burnt clothing of the patient's body. If you want to make sure that the patient is no longer exposed to burning materials, you should be careful when removing clothes.
  • While the treatment of cold water It is ideal for minor burns, It's not advisable for severe burns as this would cause a shock.
  • Check the Vital signs of a person, such as breathing, circulation or pulse.
  • Wraps up the burned area of ​​the body with a damp cloth or towel. Make sure it is sterile.

Advice for the treatment of burns

Never you must perform the following actions:


  • Place the ice directly on the burned skin.
  • Use of ointments or oils as they can interfere with the natural healing process.
  • Breaking the blisters that come with burned skin, as it is exposed to infection.

Home remedies for burns


  • The first step in treating burns is stop the process of burns. Do it by applying cold water on the skin.
  • Study the extent of the damage . If there is charred skin or blisters, it is a sign that the top layer of the skin is damaged. The greater the area of ​​damage, ask for emergency help.
  • Press the area Facial or neck can cause inflammation, which could result in difficulty breathing. Call medical assistance immediately.
  • For mild cases of burns, it can help in the natural healing process use of loose clothing It will cause minimal irritation on the skin.

Video Medicine: Burns: Classification and Treatment (March 2021).