The belief that smoke slimming, rather it turns out to be one of the side effects of nicotine in some people, since the sensation of hunger is inhibited. Smoking is an addiction that causes collateral health effects, since the nicotine , the main chemical that contains the cigar, turns out to be 10 times more addictive than heroin and causes complications in different parts of the body, said the doctor Hermenegildo Reyes Calderón , pulmonologist at the General Hospital of the National Medical Center (CMN) La Raza, Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS)
Reyes Calderón, explained that people who smoke do not feel the need to eat food, so they can present eating disorders or weightloss , same that it is possible to increase when the person decides to abandon the addiction to the tobacco. The tobacco, said the specialist, is related to more than 450 pro carcinogenic that increase the risk of lung cancer , of larynx , esophagus , stomach and of bladder , among others, in addition to other pathologies such as Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) e heart attack acute to the heart. To recover lung capacity completely, it has to be 10 years from when you stop smoke . Therefore, it is important that patients who decide to leave the smoking , stick to medical treatment to eliminate this socially accepted addiction.
There are two procedures that apply IMSS specialists, according to the time the patient has been smoking: the first is the replacement of the nicotine for products such as chewing gum, patches or inhalers that provide a certain dose of the substance, decreasing little by little the dependence on it until it is eliminated. The other treatment is the not nicotinic ; that is, drugs are used that decrease the addiction Y anxiety to consume tobacco . Both are complemented by psychological therapy, which goes from 12 to 16 weeks, to prevent the patient from having withdrawal symptoms and to relapse into the habit. The CMN specialist La Raza mentioned that patients who decide to leave the smoking They are between 40 and 60 years old, although they have, on average, more than 2 decades of smoking, so they require comprehensive medical and psychological care. The pulmonologist Reyes Calderón recommended to parents to have communication with their children, since the smoking is a addiction that occurs in adolescents and increasingly at younger ages. In case a family member smokes, it is advisable to approach the specialists of the Institute who will help them in their process to stop the addiction.