It is the reduction of capacity to carry out daily activities, due to the deterioration of functions related to the muscular system and skeletal. It is a major geriatric problem and requires independent medical assessment and management.
The deterioration, consequence of the immobility in older adults, can be irreversible, causing the permanent loss of the motor function, if a therapeutic intervention is not performed in a timely manner. To maintain strength in the muscle must actively contract or exist resistance. The muscles most affected are those in charge of upright posture and the movement.
Among the causes of immobility are the secondary reactions of some drugs, pain, poor nutrition, depression, lack of motivation, sensory damage and fear of falls due to disease or motor clumsiness.