New generation prosthesis with biomaterials

To overcome an amputation is FABIO, a Spanish project that works in the development of biomaterials and fast manufacturing techniques to get new ones custom prostheses , ranging from the knowledge of the data of each patient to the intervention and placement of the prosthesis.

An amputation is an acquired condition in which a limb is lost; the cause is usually a injury , illness or surgical operation.

In addition to the loss of mobility, it represents a great psychological trauma for the affected, not only because he fears the rejection of other people, but because the lack of a part of the body alters the image that the patient has of himself, seriously harming his self-esteem.

 

The future is in biomaterials

Are the materials of the new century and involve disciplines such as medicine, biology, chemistry, physics, mechanics, metallurgy, engineering, computing and computing.

Biomaterials are considered to be those that are inert in the natural environment of the body and maintain their chemical, physical and mechanical properties in the biological environment. Its main application in the medical field is to repair or reconstruct the body parts damaged or lost, mitigate the pain, restore the functions Y prolong life . According to FABIO experts, the long-term success of prostheses with biomaterials is conditioned, to a large extent, by the response to particles that originate as a result of material wear.

 

Conditions that must be met

These new materials must be biocompatible and ensure a long life, but above all, they must also be as economical as possible. An implant must not alter the composition and the properties of the components of the blood (red and white blood cells, proteins, lipids) and not coagulate blood (to prevent thrombi). This compatibility must also be durable over time. These biomedical devices adapted to the human body are manufactured with the four materials of engineering conventional: metallic, plastic, ceramic and composite, depending on the use, location or function; Hard or soft organ or tissue to be replaced or repaired. Science at the service of the best causes.


Video Medicine: Biomedical & Industrial Engineering: Crash Course Engineering #6 (June 2021).