To identify opportunely congenital metabolic diseases In newborns, the Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) performs the test of Neonatal sieve , through specialized medical attention, which prevents sequels or complications with timely treatment.
In an interview for GetQoralHealth , the endocrinologist and diabetologist, María Elena Sañudo, it explains what are the most frequent metabolic diseases:
With a sample of 4 drops of blood From the heel of the newborn, it is possible to detect physical and mental retardation, among other ailments, and act in a timely manner through appropriate treatment to avoid serious consequences, said Dr. Inés Morales García, head of the Birth Preventions Prevention Area. Neonatal screening, in the PrevenIMSS Reproductive Health Division, of the Medical Benefits Unit of the IMSS.
The collection of blood, which is done in children under 3 to 5 days of life , is of vital importance, since most babies do not present clinical data to doubt a disease, but until the damage is irreversible.
The neonatal screen is a transcendental test because it works against time, since the sick child must be attended immediately by a specialist and start the treatment before 30 days of birth . After that period, the baby does not have the opportunity to enjoy 100% of his life, and the damage is permanent.