More than 200 different diseases

The Cancer continues to be one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. Experts indicate that this disease can be avoided if people do not consume tobacco, exercise regularly and have a healthy diet.

Cancer occurs when a cell loses its self-control mechanism and reproduces uncontrollably. It can develop from any tissue and organ.

As cancer cells grow and reproduce, they form a mass known as a tumor, which invades adjacent tissues and can spread throughout the body, a process called metastasis .

 

More than 200 different diseases

Cancer , is the generic name for a group of more than 200 diseases. They develop from normal cells in a complex process called transformation.

The tumors that form can be both benign and malignant.

Benign tumors have as main characteristics that:

 

  1. They only grow to a certain size.
  2. Its growth is generally slow.
  3. They do not destroy normal cells.
  4. They do not spread to the tissue that surrounds them.
  5. They usually do not produce serious side effects.
  6. They usually grow in an orderly manner.

The seconds, of course, are those that can cause serious health problems and in many cases provoke death; therefore it is important to know some of its main characteristics:

 

  1. Destroy and invade tissues and organs.
  2. Propagate to other organs.
  3. Attack healthy tissue and never stop multiplying.
  4. Their characteristics may vary from person to another, depending on the type.

 

Risk factor's

Although the exact cause is unknown, there are some risk factors that influence its development:

 

  1. Family background
  2. Smoking
  3. Ultraviolet radiation (the one that comes from the sun)
  4. Ionizing radiation (the one that comes from an atomic reaction)
  5. Diet with a high degree of smoked, spicy, fat and low fiber foods.
  6. Alcoholism
  7. Environment
  8. Genetics
  9. Contact with chemical substances such as asbestos or benzene
  10. Environmental pollutants, such as automobile gases
  11. Drug addiction

There are also some internal factors, such as obesity, infections caused by viruses such as the Human Papilloma and chronic hepatitis B.

 

Treatment

The treatment can vary depending on the type of cancer, the degree of evolution and the individual characteristics of each patient. However, the most used are:

 

  1. Surgery
  2. Radiotherapy
  3. Chemotherapy
  4. Hormone therapy
  5. Biological therapy
  6. Brachytherapy

You can resort to a single method or combine them to obtain better results, something that should be evaluated by the oncologist.

Cancer is a controllable disease and often curable if detected early, so it is very important to consult your doctor regularly. At Angeles Hospitals we have the most advanced technology and the best specialists for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. We take care of your health and that of your family.


Video Medicine: 10 Rare Diseases That Turn People Into Superheroes (September 2021).