The dysgeusia it is an alteration in the sense of taste which generates a metal taste in the mouth, which can occur for a short period of time, or manifest chronically, according to the causes that originate it, according to the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA).
The taste metal in the mouth has various causes and can be a symptom of various changes or disorders in the body, which basically alter the quality of life and, in particular, taste for certain foods, however, in most of the cases the dysgeusia It is reversible and for a short time.
According to researchers from the University of Erlangen-Nuremberg in Germany , when the taste metal occurs chronically can cause irreversible damage to the nerves of the taste , so, if presented, it is important to identify its causes as soon as possible. Among the most common are:
Chronic renal insufficiency. If the kidneys are injured, they do not work properly. Hazardous waste can accumulate in the body. The blood pressure can rise. Your body can retain excess fluids and not produce enough red blood cells
Hormonal disorders. When alterations in hormonal levels are recorded, such as during pregnancy, the taste metal in the mouth, which disappears after regularizing these hormones or during the second trimester of pregnancy.
Respiratory problems . The nerve endings of the tongue may suffer irritation in the nasal area, which causes a taste metal. It can be the result of a cold, nasal infection , mucus due to allergy, sinusitis or similar problems.
Medicines . Some drugs, such as antibiotics they can cause a dysgeusia , besides that it can appear in those people with surgical interventions due to anesthesia.
Oral infections and poor hygiene. Not brushing your teeth regularly can cause this taste metal. The same goes for certain mouth infections and in particles of gums if they have any type of bleeding. The iron that is released as the gums bleed can leave a strong metal taste in the mouth.
Others . In addition to the previous ones, it has been detected that some other causes of dysgeusia are the sudden loss of weight, migraines, deficiency of vitamins and minerals, intoxications and asthma .
It should be noted that the taste It is obtained from the detection of chemicals by specialized cells in the mouth, throat, larynx and esophagus. Every taste bud It contains at least 30 to 80 of these cells, which are replaced every 10 days.
However, the dysgeusia This type of atrophy can atrophy, which is why treatments based on supplements or zinc-rich foods that reduce metal flavor in the mouth and an improvement in the sense of taste .