Lymphoma simply means cancer of the lymphatic system. However, as simple as it sounds, it is a fairly complex disease. So to begin, talk to your doctor about it. But it is essential that you ask the right questions. Never be shy even if you think it may sound silly. Your health in the future is at risk, hence it is essential that you are properly informed.
We often ask doctors about the cause of the lymphoma but unfortunately there is no answer to this question. Doctors and scientists have not identified the cause. However, what they have been able to do is identify the different risk factors that can help the development of this disease.
In an interview for GetQoralHealth , the specialist in multiple myelomaVíctor Salinas, explains the symptomatology of lymphomas:
It seems that exposure to dangerous chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, and even drugs that suppress the immune system are related to the chances of developing this type of cancer of the lymphatic system.
Some advice to avoid that situation as much as possible would be adequate protection if you work in the handling of chemical products or where pesticides are needed.
You should ask your doctor what type of lymphoma you have. There are two types: Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is identified immediately under the microscope due to the presence of a particular cell. This is the most common type of lymphoma. The rest of the cases do not present the conditions and appearance of Hodgkin, and are simply classified as non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Although they have similarities, the two types require different treatments, so it is important to identify which type you have.
To what extent has the disease spread and how serious is the condition? This is other relevant information before the treatment is applied. There are basically four stages of lymphoma development. The first stage is where the cancer cells are only in one part of your body. In this stage the cancer cells are isolated in a lymph node. The second stage is more complex, cancer cells are found in two or more lymph nodes or regions, usually above or below the diaphragm. This stage is also known as "locally advanced disease."
The next stage is advanced disease, which is the third phase. Cancer cells are already located on both sides of the diaphragm. The last stage or stage four means that the cancer cells have spread to other parts of the body.
The following questions would be related to the treatment. What are the recommendations and procedures? There are a number of treatments available. Among them is biological therapy, which uses monoclonal antibodies, radioimmunotherapy, interleukin 2 (IL2) and vaccines that stimulate the body's ability to protect itself from lymphoma. Other treatments include chemotherapy and conventional radiotherapy.
Ask your doctor for all the information about the lymphoma, so that you are physically, mentally and psychologically prepared about the next steps to be taken.