Currently, most women are more concerned about diseases such as osteoporosis and the breast cancer that of cardiovascular pathologies, although the latter not only affect the male sector. One piece of information: heart disease cause about 30% of the female deaths .
Although cardiovascular disease, according to experts, is one of the leading causes of death among women, many of them are unaware of this reality.
While the prevention of heart attacks and strokes It is very similar for both sexes, there are some small but important differences.
The modifiable risk factors they have their origin in an inadequate lifestyle or in a lack of control over the general state of the organism. These factors, similar between sexes and known by most of society, show differences in their development, consequence or incidents.
The first factor is the arterial hypertension . Although the prevalence is similar in both genders, the incidence curve increases after age 65 in women, a fact that increases the chances of developing a cerebrovascular event.
Experts estimate that the risk of coronary heart disease, or stroke, in hypertensive women is two to four times higher than in those with normal values.
Studies have shown that after the menopause There is an increased risk of suffering from a heart disease, linked to the decrease in estrogen levels, which are responsible for providing protection to the body during the fertile life. Estrogen is linked to higher levels of "good cholesterol" (HDL) and lower levels of "bad cholesterol."
A special case is the diabetic woman, who must maintain both lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels than normal, because her cardiovascular risk is four times higher.
The obesity , a known risk factor that in the case of women has special importance. With the same high weight as a man, a woman has a higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease, even more if the fat accumulates in the trunk and abdomen (called "central obesity"). According to data, a weight loss of 10% implies a significant reduction in the predisposition to coronary disease.
Other fundamental aspects are the Stress and smoking . The responsibility to fulfill in many areas of daily life (work, family, home ...) has significantly increased their stress levels.
Some studies relate stress to cardiovascular health, and have shown that it can lead to bad eating habits and trigger the abuse of alcohol and tobacco.
The epidemiological data are not very positive; nowadays it is observed that they not only smoke more than men, but that they start in the habit at younger ages. In addition, the simultaneous consumption of tobacco and contraceptives is also associated with an increased risk of thrombosis.
The different stages in a woman's life also affect her cardiovascular health. Both contraceptive use in youth, pregnancy and menopause can affect heart health.
After 65 years, the woman enters a stage in which she must take special care of this vital organ, with the control of all the risk factors and the adoption of healthy habits of life (weight, food and exercise).
It is advisable to include an electrocardiogram at your annual complete check-up, especially after menopause. Prevention is the most effective way to stay healthy, so adopt a healthy lifestyle.
In Angeles Hospitals we have a check-up service that includes advanced medical and technological knowledge, which allows us to know your current health status and take the necessary measures to help keep it in good condition.