The aging of the population results in the proliferation of diseases typical of advanced stages of life. Dementia is one of the most devastating and disabling.
Some of its symptoms are the difficulty to recover memories, to form memories; inability to remember the name of things, recognize objects and understand what they are for.
Dr. César Casasola Castro, a psychophysiologist at the School of Psychology of the UNAM, points out that this condition usually occurs in advanced age, around 60 or 65 years, but it is not a normal or natural consequence of aging but rather it is a pathological condition
The deterioration suffered by people with dementia is due to the fact that there is a great loss of cellular mass in their brain, which is known as cerebral atrophy. The specialist explains that in a diseased brain, it would be possible to see less volume than in a healthy brain; more pronounced sheets and grooves.
In a brain like this, "the decrease of neurons and their connections weakens neuronal networks, so their ability to transmit information and process it is getting smaller," says the specialist.
The consumption of snuff, alcohol and other drugs are important risk factors for dementia, as well as suffering from high blood pressure, diabetes or overweight.
Dementia has no cure. That is why it is important, from an early age, to adopt habits that protect the brain. Leading a healthy lifestyle, with constant physical activity and a healthy diet can decrease the chances of it being present.
They also help with cognitive stimulation, activities such as learning a new language, playing a musical instrument or challenging the brain with pleasurable and challenging pastimes.
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