Chickenpox afflicts preschool and school children

Chickenpox is an illness that affects the majority of preschool and school children . In an interview with the Dr. Paulina Saldaña Hernández , pediatrician, medical supervisor in normative area, responsible for the transient adverse effects to vaccination of the National Center for the Health of Children and Adolescents. He explained to GetQoralHealth the chickenpox disease.

The boom season in this disease is during the months of winter Y spring , since it has been proven that at higher temperatures there is greater difficulty for the virus to be transmitted.

There is no study to know if it will give you chickenpox or not . The truth is that there are people who never get to suffer from this disease despite being in contact with risk factors.

The varicella vaccine is a vaccine live attenuated virus and it's a single dose from the 12 months to 12 years old. If the child has already been diagnosed with chickenpox, a new vaccination is not necessary.

The vaccine is not found in the national vaccination scheme in Mexico, so parents must pay to obtain it.

The against indications for the vaccine it is less than one year old, to be allergic to any component of the vaccine (that is why it is important that the doctor asks if the patient suffers from any type of allergy), nor can it be applied to patients with any febrile illness or in treatment with steroids, which have been previously transfused, or have health problems related to immunodeficiencies.

If the child is exposed to varicella virus and has not been previously vaccinated, it can be applied during the following 72 hours to reduce the symptoms or reduce the effects of the disease.

The worst picture of poorly maintained chickenpox is in the injuries that it generates on the skin . When itching, the patient can scratch and damage the deep tissues of the skin, since in this act they can be introduced bacteria that could compromise the tissues and derive in dermal infections, with possibilities of complication.

At the time that children have skin lesions (pustules characteristic of chickenpox) it is recommended not to take them to the daycares and schools , or to the work of adults, since they are in a position to infect other people.

 

Home care

  • Ask the doctor for a prescription for a medicine against the fever
  • Daily bath to avoid itching
  • Cut the nails well of minors to avoid skin infections when scratching
  • Bland diet , since sometimes the lesions also appear inside the mouth
  • The washing clothes of the child with chickenpox should be performed normally, or if more precaution is desired it can be washed separately
  • Do not combine utensils of food or personal hygiene of the patient, since these are in constant contact with the virus and can cause the contagion
  • Do not treat with aspirin , if it requires some analgesic. Always go to the specialist for proper guidance

When does the infection end?

The patient is contagious until a week after the pustules appear , later they begin to dry up and become scabs.

After that cycle the virus and the disease enters the period of decline, and it is at this moment when the child can return to their daily lives.


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