Bruising and blistering

Bruises and blisters are very common conditions. Depending on your severity , it will require different levels of medical attention.

 

Why are blisters formed?


Blisters usually occur in the feet and there are several reasons for them. A common reason is to go hiking with the wrong type of footwear. Even the size or type of socks we wear can cause friction blisters.


 

Constant friction causes burns or skin irritation. Therefore, blisters are more common among athletes or people who perform physical activities such as jogging or running. For this reason they need to choose well the footwear to use to avoid blisters.

 

Prevention of Blisters


With modern medicine, there are several ways to treat blisters. However, it is better to prevent than to cure. Take note of the following points to help prevent the development of blisters:


  • Use Comfortable shoes

  • For athletes, properly cover your feet It is a good way to protect the skin

  • Check the shoe seams to make sure they are flat, so as not to hurt your feet

  • Keep your dry feet at all times

 

First aid treatment for ampoules


It is important to treat the blisters as soon as the first sign appears. Here are more tips:


  • When I see redness on the skin , apply a vendita in the area affected by the blister

  • You can also apply vaseline in the affected area that will help to calm the pain. However, this form of treatment is only good in the short term

  • If you have blisters on the surface of the weight support and it has not deflated, you can do it with a pin or needle. Be sure to sterilize them by passing them in front of a flame

 



What is a bruise?


Contusions, bruises or bruises are characterized by the black or blue color on the surface of the skin. This happens when the skin receives a strong enough to damage small blood vessels, causing a small amount of blood to seep into the tissues just below your skin, making it visible on the surface. In some cases, the bruise appears to be Red dots that are very small


 

There are several causes for these such as hitting with a hard object, falls or accidents. However, the symptoms are very similar, such as swelling , pain to the touch and the coloration on the skin .

 

Consult your doctor


Most bruises are not life threatening and they heal after a few days. However, you should seek the help of a professional in any of the following cases:


  • If he hematoma it's enough big to cause a lot of pain. Seek immediate medical attention when the bruise appears to develop over time

  • Some people have bruises easily and Bleeding manifests in various areas of the body , such as gums, nose or urine. Therefore, it is necessary to seek the help of a doctor to see if they are not caused by other conditions

  • If the bruise persists for more than two weeks or it starts to be habitual (even for someone who bruises easily), consult a professional

Treatment for bruises


Most bruises disappear after two weeks . However, you can follow the first aid advice given below to speed up the healing process:


  • Hold the area of the hematoma elevated

  • If there is no broken skin, there is no need to use a bandage

  • Use a compress cold once or twice a day for at least half an hour to an hour

  • If you feel pain, take a analgesic like paracetamol

  • Never drain the bruise with a needle

  • If possible, keep resting

  • You can help your body, naturally, by eating foods rich in vitamin C, proteins and bioflavonoids or vitamin P (grapes, plums, cherries and blackberries)


Video Medicine: Operation Ouch - Bruises & Blisters | Human Skin (June 2022).