The pregnancy It is a delicate condition, but happy for women. During this time, it is important that you take vitamins to make sure that she and the nutritional needs of your child are covered.
The folic acid , also known as vitamin B9, is possibly the most important vitamin that pregnant women need. Its sufficient consumption helps prevent your child from having defects of birth, specifically in the brain and spinal cord, which form the neural tube.
The spina bifida it is the most common defect in the neural tube, and refers to an unclosed column. Babies diagnosed with this condition may end up with Mental retardation , paralysis or other serious complications.
The importance of folic acid has caused that in the United States, women of childbearing age take a daily intake of 400 mg. of folic acid and oblige the manufacturers of flour products to add their products with extra folic acid.
The green leafy vegetables , citrus fruits, beans and nuts are recognized as excellent natural sources of folic acid. The vitamins prenatal often they also contain folic acid.
Vitamin D and calcium
A baby inside the uterus uses maternal calcium to form its own bones. Because of this, pregnant women should increase their calcium intake to reduce bone loss. Calcium-rich foods are once again green leafy vegetables, as well as bread and soy milk.
In addition to improving their own and teeth and the gums of your baby, vitamin D also helps the body absorb the calcium . To get enough vitamin D, eat fish, drink lots of milk and enjoy a couple of hours of sunlight daily.
Iron is a mineral that improves blood circulation and the flow of oxygen in the body of the mother and child. A sufficient intake of iron also reduces the chances of premature delivery and the baby's low birth weight. It can also prevent anemia and improve the production of hemoglobin.
Good sources of iron are spinach, fortified cereals, beef and pork, beans and fruits.
Vitamin C helps pregnant women to take the iron they need from food. In addition to that, vitamin C or ascorbic acid is also an antioxidant and therefore, protects them from the harmful effects of toxins.
Other vitamins may be necessary according to each particular case. Consult your doctor.