Avoid contagion!

Since the first reports of this disease have been known in the early 1800s to the present, the incidence of meningitis Meningococcus has been increasing in America, Asia and Europe, but what is meningitis?

Meningococcal disease is a infection caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus), which can promote the development of meningitis (inflammation of the layers surrounding the brain and spinal cord), as well as septicemia (infection of the blood).

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Is disease It could be fatal in 50% of cases not treated in time. Even when diagnosed early and receiving adequate treatment, between 5 and 10% of patients may die.

The condition progresses rapidly and causes death Within 24 to 48 hours after the first symptom appears, so it is considered a fulminating disease.

In addition, this condition can leave a person with disabilities or serious sequelae in the first 24 hours, after the onset of symptoms such as stiff neck or similar to those of a cold .

According to information from the World Health Organization (WHO), in the world 500 thousand cases of the disease are registered meningococcal annually, that is, close to one case per minute.

Mexico has a passive system of epidemiological surveillance, in which only meningococcal meningitis is reported. In addition, the most affected age group are children under five years of age, although there are cases in all ages.

 

Avoid contagion!

Within the framework of World Day Against Meningitis , the Americas Health Foundation invites society to acquire awareness to prevent disease when applying the corresponding vaccine.

Because it resembles many other infectious diseases, meningitis meningococcus It can be difficult to recognize, especially at its early stage.

The bacterium causing this condition, the meningococcus; It is transmitted from person to person through respiratory or throat secretions. So the modes of infection are:

 

  1. Kisses
  2. Sneezing
  3. Cough
  4. Share cutlery or glasses or another type of tableware
  5. Living with many people in small places

Close contact with a carrier can increase the risk of acquiring the bacterium .

While the disease can occur at any age, the highest attack rate occurs in children under 12 months. In the first four years, more than 50% of the meningococcemia , since 97% of children have protective levels of antibodies at 5 years. And you, have you already been vaccinated against meningitis?


Video Medicine: Contagion: How Do You Avoid Something That's Everywhere? (April 2024).