Emergency diets are diets that promise rapid weight loss and are often at the expense of the individual's health. They are characterized by being hypocaloric, with a significant imbalance in the distribution of nutrients, which is why some of them encourage prolonged fasting and poor nutrition.
Let's review some risks that the practice of emergency diets implies to our health.
1. Unhealthy eating habits. Emergency diets are usually strict regimens where a whole group of foods is eliminated and the intake of calories and carbohydrates is very low. Those who follow them are at greater risk of hypoglycemia, dizziness, headaches and even fainting.
2. Rebound effect. This type of diet causes an exaggerated thinning in a very short period of time, the loss of muscle mass and water. Later, at the end of the diet, they cause the rebound effect and a vicious circle with repeated unsuccessful attempts that eventually damage the organism, such as complications in the gastrointestinal system, in the excretory system, and even in the cardiovascular system.
3. Nutritional deficiencies. They are originated by the limitation in the caloric intake and scarce variety in the diet. This situation can lead to a decrease in immune function, favoring infections, anemia, loss of bone muscle density, dry skin and appearance of stretch marks, among others.
4. Eating and psychological disorders. With the passage of time, some Eating Disorder and complications such as cardiovascular problems, in the reproductive system, in the digestive system, in the skin, skeleton and teeth. They can also generate psychological complications such as anxiety, depression, learning deficit, memory failure, low self-esteem, etc.
5. Poor nutrition. Diets that encourage the repetitive consumption of a meal can generate aversion to the food in question and poor nutrition. It is important to mention that there is no food that alone makes the person lose weight.
6. Lack of supervision. Diets that are named after a famous person do not take into account the individual characteristics of the people who follow them, such as physical activity, age and height. It also does not provide all the nutrients or in the adequate quantities, thus originating possible risks or suffering.
In some situations we may find ourselves in a hurry to get results quickly and many times we can go the easy way, but when it comes to our health, the best option will always be the one that maintains our physical and emotional wellbeing that can be achieved by following these recommendations:
1. Follow a meal plan adapted to our needs, tastes and preferences.
2. Plan your weight loss in a healthy way.
3. Always remember to have good eating habits and practice physical activity.
If you need to lose weight and you have doubts about how to do it, look for a nutritionist to guide you in the best way.