5 rare diseases you've never heard

Rare diseases are those that affect a very small number of people with respect to the world population in proportion 1 of every 2 thousand.

The diseases that will be described below will appear less frequently, in proportion 1 of every 100 thousand people. Currently there are between 5 thousand and 8 thousand rare diseases, which impactan to between 6% and 8% of the population in total.

Progeria of Hutchinson-Gilford : it is a syndrome characterized by a premature aging (fast) from birth. Characteristics include alopecia, thin skin (thin skin), absence of subcutaneous fat, joint stiffness and osteolysis. During this syndrome, intelligence is never affected. Life expectancy is reduced by contemplating premature death due to arteriosclerosis or cerebrovascular diseases.

Marfan syndrome: disease of hereditary origin of connective tissue, which mainly affects the skeleton, lungs, eyes, heart and blood vessels. It is characterized by having a above-average size , span that exceeds height and bone malformations that include arachnodactyly (disproportionately long and thin fingers), Pectus carinatum (chest out) or Pectus excavatum (sternum displaced inward). It is accompanied by hyperextensibility of the joints, knees and legs curved back , flat feet, kyphoscoliosis (combination of kyphosis, abnormal curvature anteriorly of the spine and scoliosis, abnormal curvature laterally) and subcutaneous fat scarce. It can be accompanied by acute myopia and usually affects the arteries and the heart.

Congenital Insensitivity to Pain: l a Congenital Insensitivity to Pain known as CIP has its origin in a genetic disorder that impacts the autonomic nervous system, which controls blood pressure, heart rate, sweat, the nervous sensory system and the ability to feel the pain and the temperature. Those who suffer from it interpret unnatural way painful stimuli . They run the risk of suffering injuries such as injuries, fractures, dislocations, burns, putting their longevity at risk. They must be under supervision at an early age so that they do not self-injure involuntarily.

Video Medicine: Top 10 Rarest Diseases You've Never Heard Of (July 2024).