The stress and the rhythm of life that we have makes the headache one of the most common discomforts and that is that in Mexico, 11 of every 100 people, between 11 and 46 years of age, suffer from migraine .
However, it is more common in women than in men. Migraine or migraine is a disease of specific causes, manifested by crises or repetitive attacks of unbearable pain in the head.
Among its most important characteristics are: the recurrent appearance of crises that remain between two and 72 hours, together with hypersensitivity to sensory stimuli of light and noise; as well as digestive disorders and manifestations of anxiety .
A Migraine crisis It can be triggered by several factors: reaction to an allergy, loud noises, smells, physical or emotional stress, not getting enough sleep, smoking or being exposed to cigarette smoke, skipping meals, drinking alcohol, menstrual cycles and using contraceptive pills .
Some foods such as chocolate, nuts, peanut butter, avocado, banana, citrus, onions, dairy products (tanned cheeses), smoked fish and fermented foods (red wine) also contribute to the presence of migraine.
Faced with the above factors, the brain suffers alterations that are reflected in a chronic headache. There are several ways in which the brain reacts:
1. The arteries they tense, contract or dilate; as well as the veins that are inside or outside the skull. This produces a pain like pulsations.
2. The sensitive nerves and muscles of the brain suffer from inflammation, compression or traction.
3. The membranes Meninges called inside the brain become inflamed.
4. The brain suffers from alterations due to sharp noises.
The symptoms to determine that you have migraine and not a simple headache, are very specific: severe pain on one or both sides of the head, nausea, vomiting, discomfort from light and noise, lack of appetite, fatigue, numbness , tingling and weakness.